Education and language

Education from the beginning on

People learn a life long. However, the foundation for a successful education is learned in the first years of life. Children are naturally curious. They are little discoverers who want to explore their world by themselves. They need free space to make their own experiences, although they need to be accompanied by adults and need their input too. Education is more than just knowledge. Supporting a good social behavior, self-reliance and creativity are also part of it.

The parent‘s role

The first and most important teachers are the parents. They also stay in charge of the upbringing and education of their children once they go to kindergarten or school. Parents and the public education institutions work together as partners in supporting children.

The school system in North Rhine-Westphalia

The next level within the education system is reached by children when being enrolled in school at the age between five and six years. With this, the duty to be in school starts for all children living in North Rhine-Westphalia.

The school system in North Rhine-Westphalia consists of different school levels and is divided by school forms (school types). School levels are the primary level (Primarstufe), the secondary level (Sekundarstufe I) and the third level (Sekundarstufe II).

At the beginning is the primary school (Grundschule / Primarstufe). Here, children are all taught together. Generally, primary school takes four years.

After that, children switch to a college of further education (weiterführende Schule). This can be either a secondary basic school (Hauptschule), a secondary school leading to intermediate qualification (Realschule), a grammar school (Gymnasium) or a comprehensive school (Gesamtschule). This level is called secondary level (Sekundarstufe I). The third level of the school system is called secondary level II (Sekundarstufe II) and encompasses the three years of upper-level grammar school (gymnasiale Oberstufe) of the grammar school or comprehensive school as well as the vocational college with its diverse branches of education. A more specific explanation can be found by clicking on „schools“ in the menu.

Integration with language classes

Speaking the German language makes it a lot easier to get around in every day life than not speaking German well. One can act more self-dependent and has better opportunities at school and in the job. German classes and Integration courses are offered for people with very different previous skills. Integration courses, according to the law of immigration, do not include learning the language but gaining better knowledge about Germany and its people. It is a duty for new immigrants to participate in integration courses.

Teaching books and digital media are very helpful in learning a language - no matter if learning German or a different language. The public library offers such media at the Crosscultural library.

Daycare centers for children

Daycare centers for children (s.c.kindergarten) are public institutions for education, care and support of children in pre-school age. The pedagogic work in kindergartens is complemented by the education within the family. After the third year of age, children in North Rhine-Westphalia have a right to get a place in a kindergarten. Detailed information can be found under „Kindergarten“.

Further education for better opportunities

There are different advanced trainings for many vocations, jobs or professions. With further education, professionals can adapt to new developments, standards and requisites and can also improve their qualifications by e.g education vouchers (Bildungsschecks) and paid educational leave (Bildungsurlaub).

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